Whenever a company purchases a Computer Peripheral such as Key Board, Mouse, or Speaker it can be treated as an addition to the Computer System or we can separately show it under Fixed Assets like Computer Peripherals. Both are allowed as per accounting.
|Speaker Purchase entry in Tally ERP 9|
If you have shown the Computer System under Fixed assets you can add the value of computer peripherals to the Computer System in the Balance Sheet. If there is such a Fixed Asset is not found in the Balance sheet it can treated as either Indirect Expense or a new Asset can be added to the Balance Sheet. In that case if the value of the Peripheral is of low value treat it Expense instead of showing under Fixed Assets.
General Accounting Treatment
Here i have Dell Laptop Inspiron in our Balance Sheet, so that i am just debiting the Asset ledger the entry will be like this.
Dell Laptop Inspiron A/c Dr 800 To Cash/Bank A/c 800
If you want to create a separate ledger for Computer Peripherals or an individual account then you can create a ledger with Computer Peripherals or Frontech USB JIL-3338 Speaker, which will be shown under Fixed Assets in the Balance Sheet.
Computer Peripherals/Frontech USB JIL-3338 Speaker Dr 800 To Cash/Bank A/c 800
If you want to show it as expense as the value is very low you can debit the Printint & Stationery or someother such kind of ledger, which is suitable for that expense.
Printing & Stationery A/c Dr 800 To Cash/Bank A/c 800
Accounting Treatment in Tally ERP 9
If you want implement in Tally ERP 9 Account Software Package you can create a separate ledger with Computer Peripherals under Fixed Assets group head, hence, it will be shown under Balance Sheet. Otherwise you can directly increase the Computer Systems if already exists.
And come to the Voucher Entry you can use Payment Voucher Entry if you are making payment through cash or bank or Journal Voucher if you get it on credit.